➸ [Read] ➳ The Racial Contract By Charles W. Mills ➽ – Thisbookse.co

The Racial Contract summary The Racial Contract, series The Racial Contract, book The Racial Contract, pdf The Racial Contract, The Racial Contract b9d1677df8 The Racial Contract Puts Classic Western Social Contract Theory, Deadpan, To Extraordinary Radical Use With A Sweeping Look At The European Expansionism And Racism Of The Last Five Hundred Years, Charles W Mills Demonstrates How This Peculiar And Unacknowledged Contract Has Shaped A System Of Global European Domination How It Brings Into Existence Whites And Non Whites, Full Persons And Sub Persons, How It Influences White Moral Theory And Moral Psychology And How This System Is Imposed On Non Whites Through Ideological Conditioning And Violence The Racial Contract Argues That The Society We Live In Is A Continuing White Supremacist State Holding Up A Mirror To Mainstream Philosophy, This Provocative Book Explains The Evolving Outline Of The Racial Contract From The Time Of The New World Conquest And Subsequent Colonialism To The Written Slavery Contract, To The Separate But Equal System Of Segregation In The United States According To Mills, The Contract Has Provided The Theoretical Architecture Justifying An Entire History Of European Atrocity Against Non Whites, From David Hume S And Immanuel Kant S Claims That Blacks Had Inferior Cognitive Power, To The Holocaust, To The Kind Of Imperialism In Asia That Was Demonstrated By The Vietnam War Mills Suggests That The Ghettoization Of Philosophical Work On Race Is No Accident This Work Challenges The Assumption That Mainstream Theory Is Itself Raceless Just As Feminist Theory Has Revealed Orthodox Political Philosophy S Invisible White Male Bias, Mills S Explication Of The Racial Contract Exposes Its Racial Underpinnings


10 thoughts on “The Racial Contract

  1. says:

    When I searched for this book on goodreads a message came back saying, Did you mean Social Contract Which is a testament to the truth of Mills thesis He suggests the world is one structure to its core by white supremacy, and that political philosophy has largely ignored this fact in order to maintain it I would love to think of myself and my world as colorblind, but I mean let s face it, it can t be done If nothing else, this book will be an eye opener for people unfamiliar with the global history of the ubiquity of racism Voltaire, Locke, Hobbes, Hegel, Kant, Darwin, Rousseau, and obviously all the founding fathers wrote blatantly and openly about their preference for certain melatonin levels Race is real, no matter how you define what is real Denying its place in legislative activity i.e opposition to affirmative action is irresponsible and downright ignorant The neoliberal conservative argument that race doesn t exist, or that we ve done enough to level the playing field, or whatever, is a tempting fantasy we all myself and Mills included would love to embrace But the fantasy only denies the fact that the playing field itself is racially constructed Mills advocates the wholsale reinsertion of color into political and philosophical discourse I agree with no reservations pun intended I m also really funny.


  2. says:

    This should be compulsory reading for all undergraduates everywhere.


  3. says:

    Was Kant a theorist of the Herrenvolk Did Locke build his theory on the subjection of non Whites Yes, if you believe Charles W Mills According to him, the entire canon of Western thought is fundamentally racist He claims that global white supremacy is at the heart of Western ideas.Mills s plea for an alternative historical account of the foundations of Western domination is at times inspiring and at times insane Some of his arguments are brilliant, others laughable It has to be admitted that he manages to combine a powerful rhetorical style with penetrating penmanship One must be wary of excusing Mills s hyperbolic assertions for the sake of social justice, however Mills s book is a typical example of a politicized attempt to break up established canons, to smash some sacred cows, and to open up a space, finally, for the subaltern to speak in full freedom It also manages to show, in concrete terms, how racial prejudices have informed Western thinking The problem is that Mills doesn t take full cognizance of the fundamental fact of racism as a general human condition He acknowledges that the Japanese and other races have proven themselves to be equally capable of casting other races as subhuman But he barely mentions the ancient institution of slavery or the long line of xenophobia and genocide since the Babylonians and the ancient Aryans There is nothing White about the desire to see one s own kin as superior.Mills also falls for the easily debunked notion that Western wealth accumulation was largely the singular result of the expropriation and oppression of non whites through colonial exploitation In fact, it was the increasing wealth of the West, combined with technological innovations, that allowed them to expand into a global Empire or a circus of Empires capable of colonial oppression.The question is not, What did Western civilization do wrong to turn to racism Every civilization has relied on racism, cultural superiority and self serving moral justifications But, What did it do right to give birth to technologies, institutions and moral ideas that can be, even if they have not always been, fruitfully applied to move mankind to accept the peaceful coexistence of the races The wistful longing for a non Western alternative canon is noble, but it is dangerous to deprive non whites of the tools of Western learning How much of the Enlightenment legacy do we really want to abandon because we can see traces of white supremacy inscribed in its history books Painting universalist aspirations as the ideological equivalent of colonialism is a perilous path.Mills is mostly wrong about economics and about the centrality of Whiteness But where he is right, he is really right, as in his potent criticism of the historical blindness of Western ideal theory There are lingering injustices that continue to cripple the bodies and mute the vocal chords of non whites, and no amount of abstract theory can deny that But there are also lingering glimmers of hope, in that same theory, that can empower the minds of all of humanity, regardless of race, precisely because the notions of Kantian autonomy and Lockean liberty are, yes, colour blind.


  4. says:

    This should be core reading for everyone, seriously In 130 pages or so, Mills highlights the unintentional but often intentional omission of race and racism in white dominated political systems From slavery, colonialization, imperialism and apartheid, Mills provides an overview of the on going racial oppression suffered by the majority of the world s population via the Racial Contract A contract that separates white, human individuals from non white, barbaric sub persons This book came out 20 years ago, but boy is it as relevant as ever in a time when race still determines humanity, superiority, and privilege.before it was denied that nonwhites were equal persons, it is now pretended that nonwhites are equal


  5. says:

    I loved this book I used it in a political philosophy class of mostly white men Some of the students freaked out and focused on feeling offended But the ones who worked past that were able to do interesting work on evaluation their own whiteness.


  6. says:

    Two quotes that I found especially interesting, throughout the book First about how white people might perceive black people s bodies, because they are not used to them the black body in particular is seen as paradigmatically _a body_ Lewis Gordon suggests that the black presence is a form of absence Every black person becomes a limb of an enormous black body THE BLACK BODY Whites may get to be talking heads, but even when blacks heads are talking, one is always uncomfortably aware of the bodies to which these heads are attached So blacks are at best talking bodies and second, how people were able to do bad things because of racism and think that it was the good thing to do How were people able consistently to do the wrong thing while thinking that they were doing the right thing In part, it is a problem of cognition and of white moral cognitive dysfunction


  7. says:

    4 1 2 stars Here s another book that I recommend everyone read It provides a deep, biting critique of traditional social contract theory as being rooted not in equal persons with equal rights, but in a distinction between humans and sub humans Mills grounds this critique with numerous examples, examining the history of certain groups usually whites, of course dominating other groups seen as sub human usually non whites He also examines the reasons, and subsequent results, of why political philosophers ignore this distinction This work really goes to the heart of the historical foundations of political theory and illuminates its true, repugnant underpinnings.Now, as much as I feel that this is a seminal, ground breaking piece of theory, there are some big points I take issue with The biggest issue I have is that Mills apparently doesn t recognize the incidental nature of the human sub human distinction as being made in terms of race That is, it is not a Racial Contract that social contract theory is predicated on It is an in group out group contract In groups usually composed of white Europeans thought of themselves as humans imbued with certain rights, while they looked at out groups usually composed of non white indigenous people as sub human The fact that these out groups were of a different color is incidental and non essential True, there s a huge amount of despicable literature attempting to justify a distinction based on race between whites and non whites, but the focus on skin color was and is merely the result of skin color being the most visually salient difference between the two groups The real difference laid in the culture, society, and beliefs between the in group and the out group If Europeans came to North America and found Native Americans living in wood and brick houses secured by property rights, adhering to a formal system of government, going to large, imposing structures to worship a monotheistic god, and having an economy with a standardized currency, I imagine their impressions would have been much different even though their skin was red The previous critique comes to the fore when Mills begins to speculate on issues relating to the Nazi Holocaust and the Japanese nation, as well as Asians living in the United States He proposes the awkward, clumsy idea that there are different shades of Whiteness, and one white group can basically think of another white group as being off white At various points in history The Jews weren t thought of as White the Slavs weren t thought of as White the Irish weren t thought of as White Asian Americans are thought of as honorary Whites Accordingly, the extent to which a group is thought of as human is the extent to which they are thought of as White It seems to me that it makes much better sense to say that the extent to which a group is thought of as human is the extent to which that group is thought of as being included in the in group It s a far better explanation for intra race conflicts than the off white speculation gives us It s also a far better explanation when we consider the extent to which Asian Americans have assimilated into American culture, and the extent to which they have been successful, economically speaking, as a group.As a related point, Mills also proposes that the fundamental actors in the political sphere are not the individuals of liberalism nor the classes of Marxism, but races However, a better proposal would be that the fundamental actors in the political sphere are individuals adhering to certain group identities sometimes these identities happen to coincide with a skin color, sometimes not.Thirdly, Mills says that every person of color is and always has been aware of the Racial Contract that they re aware that whites dominate non whites and that this is written into the very fabric of society And that this continues, in a subtle way, to this day This is an empirical claim However, Mills makes it unfalsifiable in the manner he presents it Any person of color who denies his claim is a victim of ideological conditioning, as he puts it So no matter the response a person of color may give, Mills claim is corroborated Very bad science.Finally, and this is a bit of a quibble, Mills is fond of using the term white supremacist society to describe what the Racial Contract has created The term white supremacist may have once been apt to characterize society, but I believe it no longer is White supremacy, to me, invokes images of a society ruled with the laws and beliefs of a bunch of KKK members I think a accurate term may be, say, white dominated, or something similar.These objections shouldn t make a person ignore this book, however This book must not be ignored The radical interpretation it gives of political theory, as well as society itself, is vital It would be difficult, if not impossible, to go back to viewing the social contract in the traditional way after reading this.


  8. says:

    Excellent survey of the racial nature of the politics of the world and how it infects all our discourse The first half is a critique of liberal ideas, showing how they are founded in racist distinctions, while the second half is about the practise of them and how absolutely essential they are to understanding the world today Does take seriously the issue of borderline whites although it s still a bit dodgily done to me, at least he tries and doesn t dismiss it Pretty great all round.Not perfect though because Uses a lot of unnecessary words This sounds silly, but it makes it tough if you don t realise that a lot of the words used aren t important Like I guess it s shitty to be all ugh ACADEMIC LANGUAGE because part of the book is addressing academic ideas on their own terms but it s enough to be off putting Doesn t really move outside the ideas of liberalism Again this seems unfair considering the point of the book but it s a little weird that at the end he seems to be saying social contract theory is fine except for the race stuff which perverted it , which sort of runs counter to his earlier arguments I don t expect a serious critique of capitalism, but he really doesn t touch on the economic at all, which is weird and kind of obscures the reality of race exploitation Still a great book and worth reading for an important critique of race and its invisibility.


  9. says:

    Read an excerpt of this book online recently and was pulled in immediately Something about all the anti Obama sentiment is what compelled me The author argues that racism, once a transparent social construct, has become a latent social construct, and the invisibility is pernicious It has got me thinking about Eurocentricism, white apathy, and everyday moral complicity in the power structures Between the moral issues it raises and the tight overview of social construct philosophies that it provides, this 133 page book is a heavy hitter.


  10. says:

    Mills offers a concise and persuasive portrait of the way in which the social contract historically has and continues to be underwritten by a racial contract that excludes non whites from the body politic Positing that the racial contract is political, moral, and epistemological , Mills demonstrates its invisibility to its benefactors those privileged with unrestricted access to the social contract and its all to daily visibility to those restricted by it.


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